The plantar fasciitis is a sharp pain felt under the heel. This pain is usually more intense after a period of rest, like getting out of bed in the morning. These symptoms tend to decrease after a few minutes, but will reappear later in the day.
It is caused by a strong tension of the plantar fascia. This structure is responsible of the plantar arch. In the case of the sag of the feet, this fibrous tissue becomes too tense, which produce some micro-tears.
The initial treatments include:
- Applying ice, stretching and foot massage
- Wearing proper shoes at all times
- Wearing foot orthotics
- The use of night splints
- The use of anti-inflammatory
- The infiltration of corticosteroids
The thorn of Lenoir or plantar heel spur is a bony deformity of the heel. It is the consequence of too much tension in the soft tissues (tendons and fascia) to their point of attachment on the heel. Although it can be painful during his formation, heel spur is a radiologic manifestation, which is not always symptomatic. In practical terms, 50% of the population that has heel pain have a heel spur plantar on the radiography.